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Cashmere is a type of wool, but not all wool is cashmere. Wool is harvested from sheep, and cashmere is collected from cashmere goats living at an altitude of 4 kilometres, where the air temperature drops to -35oC. Cashmere goats grown on the plateaus of Mongolia, China and Tibet yield the biggest amounts and the highest quality of wool. The severe environmental conditions of these areas have brought about adaptation of cashmere goat fur resulting in softer wool. Cashmere wool is the most coveted and most expensive natural fibres, obtained only once a year by combing the lower cashmere goat down by hand. The wool obtained in such a way has great elasticity, thinness, and silky gloss. Up to 200 grams of suitable wool is obtained from one goat per year. Only a few thousand tons of wool are obtained each year. This leaves no wonder why cashmere wool is so expensive.
Merino wool is exceptionally soft and supple. It is obtained by clipping only live sheep that live mainly in Australia and New Zealand. This wool is of extremely high quality – the hair thickness does not exceed 0.002mm and is 7 times thinner than that of other sheep wool. Merino wool is extraordinarily elastic, and the yarn is of uniform thickness. The thinner and more flexible hair makes the merino wool softer. It does not cause itching and adapts to weather conditions maintaining the optimal temperature of the human body.